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英国推出首款电动飞行出租车 最高时速可达每小时80公里

9月10日消息 ,据国外媒体报道 ,英国推出了首款电动垂直起降(eVTOL)飞行出租车 ,这款车由科技初创企业Vertical Aerospace制造 。

  Vertical Aerospace成立于2016年 ,总部位于布里斯托尔 ,该公司已成为英国首家制造和测试电动垂直起降(eVTOL)飞行出租车的公司 。这种飞行出租车可能会彻底改变短途飞行方式 ,并减少碳排放 。这款电动飞行出租车配有四个旋翼 ,可以搭载2到4名乘客 ,飞行距离为93英里(约合150公里) ,最高飞行速度达到每小时80公里 。

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  在布里斯托尔静悄悄地工作了两年之后 ,Vertical Aerospace从在一个集装箱内创业的6个员工发展到了30个工程师 ,包括从空中客车和劳斯莱斯那挖来的工程师 。Vertical Aerospace正在与Uber、德国初创公司Lilium、空中客车(Airbus)和劳斯莱斯展开竞争 。去年 ,Lilium首次测试了其飞行汽车;美国打车服务公司Uber一直在谈论它的Elevate飞行出租车概念;7月份 ,劳斯莱斯在范堡罗国际航空航天展览会上推出了自己的eVTOL原型机 。与Uber计划在城市内提供空中出租车服务不同 ,Vertical Aerospace公司CEO和创始人斯蒂芬·菲茨帕特里克(Stephen Fitzpatrick)计划在城市之间飞行 ,从而与短途飞机和火车展开竞争 。

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  虽然这款电动飞行出租车已经成功地完成了首次短途试飞 ,但还有很多需要解决的问题 ,比如磁场干扰和发热问 ,Vertical Aerospace表示 ,最后成型的产品与视频中的原型机看起来会有很大不同 。此外 ,还有许多监管障碍需要克服 ,这意味着至少在未来四年时间里这款电动飞行出租车都无法投入商用 。在第一个发展阶段 ,这款飞行出租车预计可以飞行100公里到150公里 ,也就是从伦敦到布里斯托尔或从格拉斯哥到阿伯丁郡的距离 。在第二个发展阶段 ,这款飞行出租车的飞行距离将会增加一倍 ,可以从剑桥飞到巴黎 。在第三个发展阶段 ,该飞行出租车将会发展成自动驾驶的“飞行出租车” 。

  菲茨帕特里克强调 ,现在还无法说明研发这项技术和满足监管要求需要多长时间 。首批eVTOL飞机计划使用已有的、经过批准的技术 ,并且是人工驾驶的 ,因此不会面临长时间的监管批准 ,但全自动化的版本将会面临长时间的监管批准 。

英文版

English version

Britain launches its first electric flying taxi at a speed of up to 80 kilometers per hour.

September 10, according to foreign media reports, the UK launched the first electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) flying taxi, made by technology start-up Vertical Aerospace.

Founded in 2016 and headquartered in Bristol, Vertical Aerospace has become the first British company to manufacture and test electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) taxis. This kind of flying taxis may completely change the way of short distance flight and reduce carbon emissions. The electric taxi, equipped with four rotors and capable of carrying two to four passengers, flies 93 miles (150 kilometers) with a maximum speed of 80 kilometers per hour.

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After working quietly in Bristol for two years, Vertical Aerospace grew from six employees working in a container to 30 engineers, including engineers dug from Airbus and Rolls-Royce. Vertical Aerospace is competing with Uber, German startup Lilium, Airbus and Rolls-Royce. Last year, Lilium first tested its flying car; Uber, an American taxi service, has been talking about its Elevate flying taxi concept; and in July, Rolls-Royce unveiled its eVTOL prototype at the Farnborough International Aerospace Exhibition. Unlike Uber's plan to provide air taxi services in cities, Vertical Aerospace CEO and founder Stephen Fitzpatrick plan to fly between cities to compete with short-haul planes and trains.

Although the electric taxi has successfully completed its first short-haul test flight, there are still many problems to be solved, such as magnetic field interference and heat problems, Vertical Aerospace says the final product will look very different from the prototype in the video. In addition, there are many regulatory hurdles to overcome, which means that the electric flying taxi will not be commercially available for at least the next four years. In the first phase of development, the flying taxi is expected to fly 100 to 150 kilometers, that is, from London to Bristol or from Glasgow to Aberdeen. In the second phase of development, the flying distance of the taxi will double, from Cambridge to Paris. In the third stage of development, the flying taxi will develop into a "flying taxi" for automatic driving.

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Fitzpatrick stressed that it was not clear how long it would take to develop the technology and meet regulatory requirements. The first eVTOL planes are planned to use existing, approved technology and are manned, so they will not face long-term regulatory approval, but the fully automated version will face long-term regulatory approval.(文来源 :飞行汽车feiauto)www.otoche.com

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